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International Coastal Cleanup Day Saturday September 15

The Perdido Key Association, Friends of Pensacola State Parks, and the Florida State Parks hosted a cleanup of Perdido Key beaches and the Old River waterfront on Saturday, September 15, 2018. Volunteers met at the Perdido Key State Park West Use Area to pick up material and receive information on their assigned portion of beach for this International Coastal Cleanup Day event. On a clear and very hot day, approximately 60 volunteers showed up with half of these students and professors from Tuskegee Institute. The group made the four hour trip from Tuskegee, Alabama in vans to participate in the event as a project sponsored by the Institute’s science professors.

August 28, 2018 Primary Election Results

Of interest to Perdido Area voters, the August 28, 2018 Florida Primary Election resulted in the following major party candidates vying for positions in the November 6, 2018 General Election:

Florida US Senator – Rick Scott (R) vs. Bill Nelson (D)

Florida Governor – Ron DeSantis (R) vs. Andrew Gillum (D)

Florida Attorney General – Ashley Moody (R) vs. Sean Shaw (D)

Florida District 1 US Representative – Matt Gaetz (R) vs. Jennifer Zimmerman (D)

Florida District 1 Florida House – Mike Hill (R) vs. Vicki Garrett (D)

Escambia County District 2 Commissioner – Doug Underhill (R) vs. Scott Trotter (D)

Pensacola Mayor – Runoff Election required Grover C. Robinson (R) vs. Brian Spencer (R)

A number of Amendments to Florida law will also be on the November ballot and will be highlighted in future PKA website entries.


Following the earlier brush with Subtropical Storm Alberto, the Pensacola area received strong winds and heavy rains from Hurricane Gordon in early September 2018 though escaping widespread wind damage or flooding. Tragically, a young child was killed when a tree toppled onto the trailer where she was staying. Long duration September Hurricane Florence has created a terrible situation for large portions of the North and South Carolina, with substantial wind damage and horrendous flooding. As of September 18, 2018, over 30 people had lost their lives in storm-related events and more than 300,000 people were still without electrical power.

All of us on or near the Gulf Coast are well advised to prepare for these dangerous storms. Resources from Escambia County include the web pages "Tropical Storms and Hurricanes” with links to other resources and the “Know Your Zone” site at John Dosh –Emergency Management Manager of Escambia County – has suggested that people stay as close to home as it is safe to do so to avoid highway congestion, but noting that Escambia County's emergency shelters are public schools and provide very little in the way of comfort – serving as "lifeboats" not "love-boats." He also pointed out that storm surge is unique to each storm and can vary greatly with a storm’s track.

Mr. Dosh pointed out that emergency management procedures for Escambia County do not use the terms voluntary or mandatory evacuation. When an evacuation order is issued, however, the expectation is that people will leave that zone. During the landfall of Hurricane Nate in 2017, Evacuation Zone A – which included Perdido Key – was placed under an evacuation order but many chose not to leave the Key. We were fortunate the hurricane did not have a great impact on people and property. For recent discussion of “misleading – and dangerous – assumptions” about hurricanes, see the August 2, 2018 Florida Today article “National Hurricane Center Director: False Storm Assumptions are Dangerous, Fuel Complacency” by Rick Neale at

Perdido Key Shared-Use Path Update

Progress is being made toward realization of a bicycle and pedestrian path along the north side of Perdido Key Drive. The eight foot wide concrete path will be at the ground level, though separate from the roadway, with no boardwalks except in areas where dunes may be impacted. The west portion of the path (from the Alabama state line to the west end of Perdido Key State Park) is fully funded for planning/engineering and construction; planning/engineering is scheduled for completion in November 2018 and construction is scheduled for Fiscal Year 2021. The east portion (from the west end of Perdido Key State Park to Gongora Drive) is fully funded for planning/engineering which is scheduled for completion in July 2019. FDOT does not currently have construction funded though $960,000 of RESTORE (BP penalty) funding has been acquired, with the County working to obtain the remaining funds through grants and other sources. FDOT’s most recent planning level construction cost estimate is $4.5 million.

Gulf State Park Lodge to Open November 1

The Gulf State Park Lodge being built along the beach near where Orange Beach meets Gulf Shores should be open on November 1, 2018. The Lodge (a 350 room Hilton hotel) will be part of a conference center complex that will accommodate up to 1000 people along with “new park enhancements, the Interpretive Center and Learning Campus.” The previous lodge and convention center were destroyed by Hurricane Ivan in 2004. For more on the new facility, see the Mullet Wrapper August 29, 2018 article “Gulf State Park Lodge projected opening is Nov. 1” at

Offshore Drilling

The Sierra Club and other environmental protection groups are suing the Federal Government for the planned lease sale for oil and gas development of most of the available acreage in the Gulf of Mexico, excluding portions subject to Congressional Memorandum (essentially the Florida continental shelf). The suit argues that offshore drilling will occur without “fully analyzing the risks to people, wildlife, and the environment.” Kristen Monsell, legal director of the oceans program at the Center for Biological Diversity, stated: “The Trump administration is turning over the Gulf of Mexico to oil companies so they can drill and frack with no regard for the consequences. Shortcutting environmental review puts people and wildlife at risk and will only push us deeper into the climate crisis.” For more on this issue, see the Sierra Club July 17, 2018 press release “Lawsuit Challenges Trump Administration’s Expansion of Gulf of Mexico Drilling” at

In a separate offshore oil drilling issues, US government lawyers have filed a case involving Taylor Energy Co. and a drilling platform destroyed by Hurricane Ivan in 2004. The court filing argues that leakage from site wells is much greater than previously reported, in the range of 10,000 to 30,000 gallons per day, and getting worse. For more on this issue, see AP News article “Federal lawyers: 2004 Gulf oil leak spills fare more than thought” by Jeff Amy and Michael Kunzelman at

Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Help for Adopt-A-Highway Cleanups

The next PKA Adopt-A-Highway cleanup of Rt. 98 between Trout Rd. and Dog Track Road will be on Saturday, October 20, 2018. The PKA Board of Directors agreed to take on an Adopt-A-Highway obligation from the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) about three years ago with the expectation that a good number of PKA members would be interested in participating. This has not been the case; most cleanups have involved a few PKA Board members and one or two friends or relatives to help out. With few participants, cleanups can take many hours to complete. We would very much like to have a list of PKA members who would enjoy contributing to this Perdido Key Association community project. If interested, please contact PKA president Charles Krupnick at [email protected].

Habitat Conservation Plan Presentation

On Wednesday, August 29, 2018, the Perdido Key Chamber of Commerce hosted an Early-Risers Breakfast presentation on Escambia County’s Habitat Conservation Plan (HCP) at the Perdido Key Visitors Center. Tim Day, the County’s Environmental Programs Manager, was the featured speaker and covered the specifics of the HCP. It created a “feasible development model” with a streamlined permitting process given the restraints of the Perdido Key beach mouse and other environmental issues and allows for 11 acres of development every five years for total of 66 acres in the 30 year term of the program. For more on the HCP, go to

More on Bruce Beach

Bruce Beach, the undeveloped land between Joe Patti’s and Blue Wahoos Ballpark, is unlikely to become the site of the Gulf Coast Marine Fisheries Hatchery & Enhancement Center, but could become a place with improve public access and activities. The City of Pensacola hopes to open public access by fall 2018 and intends to continue seeking grants to improve access and infrastructure. For more on the issue, see the Pensacola News Journal August 23, 2018 article “Pensacola’s Bruce Beach will open to public in fall” by Jim Little at

Pensacola Waterfront

Three architects from the firm SCAPE were in Pensacola August 20-21, 2018 for a series of lectures and working sessions with local officials and other interested stakeholders to provide ideas for the future of Pensacola. As part of the CivicCom series, the architects noted that, despite being a waterfront community, it was difficult “to actually get to the water” in Pensacola. Gene Wirth, the design principal for SCAPE, added that “… with a couple of tweaks, a couple of street section reconfigurations, bridges, a couple places of road diets and adding more pedestrian and bicyclist infrastructure, the waterfront would really be unlocked.” For more on this issue, see the Pensacola News Journal August 21, 2018 article “CivicCom: SCAPE Reimagines Pensacola with bay-side boardwalk, Bluffs greenway” by Kevin Robinson at

Beach Access

Beach access is a concern for many Florida beach communities, including Perdido Key and Pensacola Beach, as well as for visitors to the state who want to enjoy Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean beaches. Problems have developed because a growing number of people going to beaches, private ownership of about 60% of Florida beachfront property, and insufficient public beach access and parking. A Florida law passed in March 2018 stated that local governments could not grant beach access to the public using the “customary use” argument, as was implemented by Walton County several months ago. The law is discussed in Pensacola News Journal March 28, 2018 article “Scott signs law affecting public access to many private beaches” by Thaddeus Mast at Florida Governor Rick Scott’s office followed with a clarification discussed in the July 13, 2018 WEAR transcript titled “Florida Governor issues executive order clearing up beach access confusion” by Hannah Mackenzie at US Senator Bill Nelson, the Democratic candidate competing against Governor Scott for the Senate in the November general election, urged Governor Scott to hold a special legislative session to repeal the law. For more on this issue, see Pensacola News Journal July 28, 2018 article “Nelson wants repeal of beach access law” by Melissa Nelson Gabriel at

At the local level, the May 8, 2018 Pensacola News Journal article “Is Perdido Key running out of public beachfront? One commissioner says yes and suggests remedy” by Melissa Nelson Gabriel discussed Commissioner Doug Underhill’s work with Escambia County planners on the possibility of using BP restitution money to purchase beach front property to provide additional public beach access. The article noted that Perdido Key seemed to be “getting busier all the time” and the current real estate market was strong – suggesting a timely purchase was essential. Underhill said “We will use the BP money to procure forever beach access for the people of Escambia County." Commissioner Jeff Bergosh said he supported more public access to Perdido Key beaches: "It is needed. Unless you own a condo out there, a lot of the beach is off limits, it is private property." For more on the issue, go to

Further discussion on beach access involves a 4-acre lot located east of the Crab Trap Restaurant Escambia County purchased in 2013. In the August 2, 2018 Pensacola News Journal article “Perdido Key beach mouse or parking lot? County commissioner candidates divided” by Melissa Nelson Gabriel available at, Commissioner Underhill stated that “It is an extremely critical element of our habitat conservation plan, which allows us to issue building permits on the key” so it should remain “closed off as beach mouse habitat.” According the article, the other two candidates (Republican Alan McMillan and Democrat Scott Trotter) say an elevated walkway and small parking lot should be built on the property that “would provide beach access and still protect the mouse…” 

Possible New Tenant for the Port of Pensacola

The future of the Port of Pensacola has been a matter of substantial discussion for a number of years. With the decline in energy prices, the port is no longer frequently used by drilling support vessels and recently has been operating at a loss. This has led to consideration of changing the port’s historic commercial shipping role to other functions such as recreational boating and/or residential/entertainment/commercial activity. Utah-based Incoa Performance Minerals LLC recently proposed leasing port Warehouses 9 and 10 as material storage facilities. Calcium carbonate from the Dominican Republic would be brought into the port by ship, moved to the warehouses to be processed and then shipped from Pensacola by road and rail. The arrangement could create at least 77 new jobs, make the port solvent and attract more business for the other available areas of the port. Company representatives state that the process will be entirely enclosed so that dust would not escape to the environment. Critics argue that processing bulk minerals is not the high tech future envisioned for Pensacola and the additional traffic in the downtown area (an estimated truck every 20 minutes and 12 rail cars a day) might endanger proposals for a marine research facility and the structure of area historic sites. For more on the issue, see Pensacola News Journal July 28, 2018 article “Incoa wants Port of Pensacola lease approved in 2 weeks: IHMC, UWF say hold on” by Jim Little at and WUWF July 24, 2018 story “City to Open Negotiations with Potential Port Tenant” by Dave Dunwoody at

A Great Turnout for World Oceans Day 2018!

As hoped for, World Oceans Day 2018 at Perdido Key State Park on June 8, 2018 turned out to be a terrific family affair. The several hundred people attending were able to visit the Discovery Depot touch tank and ocean exhibits provided by the Navarre Beach Marine Science Station, hear presenters and see exhibits on sea turtle conservation, lionfish and diamondback terrapin awareness, and shore and migrating bird concerns. In keeping with the 2018 World Oceans Day emphasis, additional displays and presentations focused on preventing and mitigating plastic pollution of the oceans and other threats to ocean health – such as acidification, eutrophication, and oil spills. Visitors were also able to enjoy the sand sculptures of The Paradise Sandman (David Robertson), the colorful kites flown by the Emerald Coast Kite Flyers, and a visit by Monty the screech owl from the Wildlife Sanctuary of Northwest Florida. With clear and balmy weather on the beach, all seemed to enjoy the entertaining and educational event.

As coordinated worldwide by The Ocean Project, “World Oceans Day is a global day of ocean celebration and collaboration for a better future.” Co-sponsors of the Perdido Key State Park event were the Perdido Key Association, the Friends of Pensacola State Parks, Florida State Parks, and Visit Pensacola – with additional support provided by the Perdido Key Chamber of Commerce, Mullet Wrapper, Audubon Society and Sea Grant personnel, Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission, Perdido Key Souvenirs & More, Tina Morrison (promoter) and the Department of Biology at the University of West Florida.

Perdido Key Dune Restoration Project Completed

Contractors have completed planting sea oats and other native vegetation to the 6 miles of Perdido Key beach dunes from the Alabama border to the eastern edge of the Perdido Key Area of the Gulf islands National Seashore. The over 400,000 plants added to the dunes should enhance coastal resiliency and improve the ability of the beaches to resist storm damage. The project was coordinated by Escambia County officials and paid for through the National Resource Damage Assessment (a post-Deepwater Horizon oil spill funding source). The project was able to move forward because of participation from 90% of Perdido Key Gulf-front property owners. As always and particularly with the new plantings, we should stay off the dunes and “leave no trace” on the beach.

Dana Pagador takes over at the Chamber of Commerce

Jo Ann Slaydon has stepped down from her leadership position with the Perdido Key Chamber of Commerce; Dana Pagador, the former Assistant Director, has been named the new President of the Chamber. Ms. Slaydon will remain active in the Chamber as a director through her consulting firm Slaydon Consultants. PKA became of member of the Perdido Key Chamber of Commerce in 2017 and coordinated a number of activities with the Chamber during Ms. Slayton’s tenure. We have also worked closely with Ms. Pagador and look forward to a continued and productive relationship with the Chamber.

Pensacola Bay Ferry Service Begins

After a long delay, ferry service has begun on Pensacola Bay. Administered by the National Park Service in partnership with the City of Pensacola and Escambia County, the two 149 passenger ferries are now shuttling passengers from downtown Pensacola to Pensacola Beach and Ft. Pickens. Named the Turtle Runner and Pelican Perch, the ferries are operated by Gulf Coast Maritime Services, Inc. and travel in opposite directions for the convenience of passengers. They will operate daily from May 14 until August 16 and weekends-only from March 15 to May 14 and August 16 to October 31; service will be from 8:30 AM until 10:00 PM. Ferry service dates, prices, and other information are available at Pensacola News Journal June 26, 2018 article “Pensacola Ferry Schedule and Prices: What you Need to Know” by Maria Gabriel Mathews at and from the City of Pensacola at  (Photo: NPS/Rainey)

Perdido Key Drive to become a county road?

Negotiations between Escambia County and the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) could result in the county assuming responsibility for Perdido Key drive while FDOT would take over a section of Beulah Road. According to the Pensacola News Journal May 21, 2018 article “Escambia County in talks with state to swap control of Perdido Key Drive with Beulah Road” by Jim Little: “The purpose of the swap would be to allow for quicker construction of a new interchange with Beulah Road and Interstate 10, and allow the county to better implement the Perdido Key Master Plan.” District 2 Commissioner Doug Underhill reportedly said he would support the idea as long as it “doesn’t jeopardize state funding for the Perdido Key bike path or would slow down repairs to the road following hurricanes.” To access the article, go to


Living Shorelines

Faced with erosion on their waterfront property owners can erect a seawall of some sort (concrete, riprap, etc.) or pursue a “living shoreline.” Using “marsh seedlings and bags of oyster shells,” one owner reported after a few years that “crabs and snails crawl among the oysters and grasses” while “fish school in it when the tide is up”; moreover, “sand is being trapped in the yard when storms and floods hit instead of being washed away.” For more on living shorelines, see the Pensacola News Journal July 15, 2018 article “Living Shorelines Rise in popularity among Northwest Florida homeowners” by John Upton at

Toxic Danger on South Gulf Beaches

The blue-green algae (cyanobacteria) and the red tide organism (karenia brevis) are taking a toll on Gulf Coast wildlife from Sarasota to Naples. The outbreak of blue-green algae began in Lake Okeechobee and spread to Gulf of Mexico waters. The red tide bloom in the region has grown and killed large numbers of sea birds, fish, and numerous sea turtles, while also causing a noxious odor along beaches in the region. Authorities note that dead creatures on the beaches are only a small fraction of the total casualties since most sink to the bottom of the Gulf of Mexico. A hazard advisory was issued for humans who have respiratory issues. For more on the current problems, see the Orlando Sentinel July 10, 2018 article “Blue-green algae, red tide soil beaches, threaten Florida tourism” by Jennifer Kay (Associated Press) at; for more on blue-green algae, see The Conversation July 19, 2016 article “Why toxic algae blooms like Florida’s are so dangerous to people and wildlife” by Ernst B. Peebles at

Changes to Fisheries Act - The Magnuson-Stevens Act was enacted in 1976 and, according to Wikipedia, is the “primary law governing marine fisheries management in United States federal waters.” It was enacted to sustain fishery resources for the long term, along with other goals. The US Senate and House of Representatives have bills moving forward that could change the Magnuson-Stevens Act in ways that are causing concern within some groups. As cited in the Pensacola News Journal June 29, 2018 article “Congress is considering big changes to longstanding fisheries regulator act” by Melissa Nelson Gabriel, changes could “allow regional fishery management councils to change catch limits for specific fish based on changes in the ecosystem and the economic needs of fishing communities.” Opponents fear a revised law could lead to overfishing and a move away from “science-based fisheries management.” For more on the issue, go to

Plastic Alternatives?  Plastic pollution is a terrible problem in our oceans. Government policy in more than 60 countries is starting to require movement away from plastic and some major corporations are following suit. But replacing plastics is not an easy change and the July 8, 2018 BBC article “What’s the real price of getting rid of plastic packaging?” by Richard Gray (available at highlights some of these difficulties. 
     Mr. Gray notes “More than 78 million tons of plastic packaging is produced worldwide every year by an industry worth nearly $198 billion,” with most of it discarded. Coca Cola “sells more than 110 billion single-use plastic bottles globally” but has pledged, along with other multinationals, to reduce its use of plastic packaging. But “plastics are cheap, lightweight and adaptable in ways many of the alternatives are not.” While the cost of producing glass bottles is not much more than plastic ones, glass bottles are much heavier so costs and the pollution generated would be higher. Plastic coverings on food help prevent spoiling, which would be another added cost of abandoning plastic.
     Companies have developed biodegradable plastics, such as those made with sugarcane. These are currently more expensive than standard plastics and have the added problem of contaminating the recycling of standard plastics. Recycling plastic is much cheaper than making it new from oil. One suggestion was to make plastic products stronger so they would likely to be reused instead of discarded.
     The article is worth reading in full. Plastic pollution is a worldwide crisis and must be dealt with, but the costs and unintended consequences of shifting from plastic should be recognized as well.

Beach Vitex on Perdido Key – Beach Vitex is an invasive species that can crowd out native plants. It has been a particular concern in beach areas of the Carolinas and is now working its way into Florida. For the first time, as far as PKA is aware, it has been found on Perdido Key. The plant provides ground cover and has woody runners and purple flowers. If detected, please contact the Escambia County Sea Grant Representative Rick O’Connor at [email protected] for assistance in identification and removal. See the March 2, 2017 University of Florida IFAS Extension article “Trying to Stay Ahead of Beach Vitex” by Rick O’Connor for more information. 

Pensacola Pass Inlet Management Plan

On February 1, 2018, the Escambia County Board of County Commissioners approved District 2 Commissioner Doug Underhill’s request to set aside funds for the “Pensacola Pass Inlet Management Plan.” The plan could lead to a policy where the sand dredged from the Pensacola Harbor channel – which is required periodically to keep the channel navigable for large ships – would be dumped on the beaches of the Perdido Key Area of the Gulf Islands National Seashore instead of offshore as is the current practice. With the general westerly migration of sand in the region, Perdido Key beaches west of the National Seashore would also benefit from the project. 

With funding for a study assigned (more is needed from the state), putting substance on the proposal will begin with meetings of various stake holders, such as the National Seashore, Navy Installations Command, Army Corps of Engineers, and the Port of Pensacola – PKA may also be invited to participate. When implemented, Perdido Key beaches will not quickly leave the critically eroded status so concerns for further erosion and from destructive storms will remain, but hopefully in the coming year’s progress will be made.

PKA-Funded Environment/Wildlife Panel Upgrade on Johnson Beach

In keeping with its education purpose, the Perdido Key Association contributed to an upgrade of the interpretive wayside panels near the Perdido Key Discovery Trail at the Perdido Key Area of the Gulf Islands National Seashore (Johnson Beach). PKA Director Joe Stone worked closely with Gulf Island National Seashore Visual Information Specialist Brent Everett in helping to bring the project to fruition. The December 8, 2017 “Gulf Islands News” release stated (in part): 

Several interpretive wayside panels were recently upgraded and installed at the national seashore’s Perdido Key Area thanks to the Perdido Key Association (PKA). The wayside panels and some associated hardware had weathered badly since it was first installed. The PKA approached the National Park Service earlier this year to provide financial support for the upgrade. ‘We are grateful to the Perdido Key Association for their generous donation in support of the national seashore,” said Superintendent Dan Brown. “Interpretive wayside panels are a critical tool of the National Park Service to share the important stories of the national seashore.” At Perdido Key these waysides interpret the natural beauty and dynamic wildlife of the area, provide trail guidance and safety reminders, and tell the story of important figures like Rosamond Johnson.

2018 PKA Annual Membership Meeting Highlights

The Perdido Key Association held its 2018 Annual Membership Meeting on Saturday, February 24, 2018 at the Eden Condominium on Perdido Key. Featured speaker Steve Hayes, President of “Visit Pensacola,” discussed the many tourist marketing initiatives made by his organization and noted that successful tourism promotion required evaluating and effectively using data on visitor preferences and activities. He indicated that Perdido Key should strive for a high quality visitor experience and not necessarily for increasing the number of tourists. With new air routes and greater recognition of the area’s many attractions, the future of tourism in the Pensacola region seemed bright. 

District 2 Commissioner Doug Underhill followed and addressed several issues affecting Perdido Key, such as the Helipad – back in operation; Perdido Key Multi-Use Path – design work in progress and construction to begin in the months ahead; Pensacola Pass Inlet Management Plan – study approved by the Board of County Commissioners that should lead to a process where sand dredged from Pensacola Pass would be deposited on the Perdido Key Area of the Gulf Islands National Seashore and be available for migration to the rest of Perdido Key; Perdido Key Dune Restoration Project – sea oat and other plantings should begin in a few weeks; and, underground utilities on Perdido Key – likely only through MSBU (Municipal Service Benefit Unit) funding. 

The speakers’ presentations and responses to questions were much appreciated by the audience. PKA president Charles Krupnick then reported on the 2017 PKA initiatives, including International Coastal Cleanup Day and World Oceans Day events at Perdido Key State Park and the Association’s funding of upgrade to three “interpretive wayside panels” at the Perdido Key Area of the Gulf Islands National Seashore. An unapproved version of the meeting minutes is posted on the Archive page of this website.

Perdido Key Association
PO Box 16337
Pensacola, Florida 32507

Perdido Key Association is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization; donations are tax-deductible.